Climate Change and its Confusions

John Coleman, an American TV weatherman and the founder of The Weather Channel took a dig at the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, in May 2015, in an open letter where he claimed,

‘I have studied climate change seriously for years. It has become a political and environment agenda item, but the science is not valid. The polar ice is increasing, not melting away. Polar Bears are increasing in number.’

There is good reason to verify these claims and see for ourselves whether climate change is indeed real or a heavily propagandized political agenda, diverting us from more important issues.

Recent data shows that the earth is warming. The average temperature has increased by 1.7°F  since the late 1880s. Since 1998, the Earth has witnessed the 10 warmest years on record.

Data released by the UK Met Office shows the average global temperature in 2015 was 0.75C higher than the long-term average between 1961 and 1990, much higher than the 0.57C in 2014, which itself was a record.

El Nino, a climate cycle in the Pacific Ocean, originates when warm water in West Tropical Pacific drifts eastwards towards Australasia. To replace the warm water in the West, there is an up-welling of warm water off the coast of South America.

As a result of this, there is a temperature difference across the Tropical Pacific, which leads to atmospheric circulations on that side of the world.

Many believe that El Nino is a prime factor behind the rise in average temperature in 2015.

The frequency of the El Nino’s has increased in recent decades, and many believe this increase in the tide will have further impact the climate change theory.

Since the turn of the millennium, the world has seen four El Nino’s, bringing droughts to Indonesia and India and floods to Peru. This is caused by trade winds in the southern Pacific Ocean, leading to such drastic climate fluctuations across South America and the eastern tropics of Asia and Australasia.

Although 2016 had no El Nino effect, five of the first six months of 2016 set records for the smallest respective monthly Arctic sea ice extent since consistent satellite records began in 1979.

These studies and the natural phenomenon like the El Nino and La Niña cycles, especially after what transpired in 2015, is indicative of the fact that climate change is real and is indeed happening.

According to a report released in 2011, China and USA are the biggest co2 emitters in the world. The co2 emissions caused by China and the US are nearly eight and four times higher respectively than the next two countries, Russia and India.

Electricity, transportation and industries create nearly 77% of the total co2 emission in the country. Though the co2 emission in 2014 was higher than 2013, it was much lower than the emission rate in 2006-2007, when it peaked the highest.

Although global temperature skyrocketed to a peak in 2015, primarily due to the El Nino cycle, 2016 saw a much lower annual average temperature.

Canadian ecologist Patrick Moore, a member of Greenpeace from 1971 to 1986, said in 2014, that there was no wholesome scientific evidence which proves human activity is responsible for climate change.

There was no proof that cutting down significantly on transportation and electricity usage, will mitigate the effect of climate change, which is a natural phenomenon.

He was quoted saying to The US Senate Environment and Public Works Committee,

‘The fact that we had both higher temperatures and an ice age at a time when co2 emissions were 10 times higher than they are today fundamentally contradicts the certainty that human-caused co2 emissions are the main cause of global warming.’

Much of the climate change is due to natural phenomenon like the El Nino and La Nina cycles. Likewise, although the Arctic ice shelf is decreasing faster than expected, the Antarctic ice shelf is going in a different direction.

Antarctic sea ice has expanded in the last ten years, in a rather unprecedented basis. From 2012 to 2014, it reached record-high extent each year during the winter. It topped 7.78 million square miles in September 2014, the largest extent since satellites started keeping accurate measurements in 1979.

Global warming and climate change are realities, but to put that alarming factor in there to farther pursue the one-dimensional narrative on this topic, is incongruous.

Climate change is not worse than we thought and it is certainly not as alarming as some might predict.

Follow the author  @amritangshu488



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